Forage fish species
Forage species are small schooling fishes and invertebrates that are critical for maintaining a healthy and diverse marine ecosystem. West Coast forage species include: Pacific sardine, Pacific herring, Northern anchovy, Pacific mackerel, smelts, sand lance, market squid, and krill. Forage species occupy a critical role in the marine food web as a primary food source for many commercially and recreationally valuable fish species, including several overfished groundfish species, salmon, and Pacific whiting, one of the region’s largest commercial fisheries. Forage species are also a principal food source for many species of marine mammals and seabirds, several of which are listed as threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act.
Forage species populations face many threats, including climate change, acidification, pollution, and human exploitation. Many forage species are targeted in recreational and commercial fisheries along the West Coast. However, management of forage species continues to overlook the role forage species play in the ecosystem. RMCP is working with fellow conservation organizations to educate the public and reform management of forage species along the West Coast.
Proximate composition and fatty acid signatures of selected forage fish species in Prince William Sound, Alaska
Book (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)
Cats threaten endangered species.2008-06-13 10:33:07 by SciLite
GAINESVILLE, Fla. - With 4 million to 6 million unwanted animals - mostly cats - put to sleep each year in the United States, some people might consider it more humane to free the felines into the wild.
But as these cats forage for food and establish their territories, they kill more than a billion small mammals and birds each year, many of which are threatened or endangered, a University of Florida study shows.
Feral, or free-roaming, untamed cats pose a serious threat to endangered species nationwide as colonies of the wild cats have grown, largely because local groups provide funding and resources to sustain them, according to the UF study commissioned by the U
You might also like:
Game and Fish notebook (Jan. 23, 2014) — Russellville Courier
“This allows the predator fish to feed heavily on the forage fish species. Consequently, the predator fish species are fatter and healthier during the next years spawning season,” she explained.
Live Forage Weedless Spoon Crappie
Sports (Northland Tackle)
An evaluation of introduced sport and forage fish species in Pactola Reservoir, 1989-1990 (Progress report)
Book (Dept. of Game, Fish and Parks, Wildlife Division)
Purina Mills Game Fish Chow
Pet Products (Purina Mills Game Fish Chow)
Chemical Composition and Digestibility By Mule Deer of Selected Forage Species, Cache La Poudre Range, Colorado
Book (Co dept of Game and fish)