California inshore fish species

World distribution of plankton

Commercial fishing vessels primarily use purse seines to harvest squid. They also use scoop nets in the southern California fishery. Squid fishermen often use powerful lights to attract groups of squid to the surface where they are more easily captured.

The fishery takes place in northern California and southern California at different times of the year. The northern fishery season (mainly in Monterey Bay) traditionally occurs from April through November, and the southern fishery (mostly in the Channel Islands vicinity) begins in October and generally lasts through March.

Management

Who’s in charge? California Department of Fish and Game, NOAA Fisheries, and the Pacific Fishery Management Council

Current management: The California Department of Fish and Game has management authority over the market squid fishery. The state agency actively manages this fishery consistent with the federal fishery management guidelines (the Pacific Fishery Management Council’s Coastal Pelagic Species Fishery Management Plan). The California Department of Fish and Game is able to react quickly to changes in the market squid population off California. Specific management measures include:

  • Seasonal catch limit.
  • Time and seasonal closures, including weekend closures that provide for periods of uninterrupted spawning and limitations on using lights to attract squid around several of the Channel Islands, an effort intended to protect nesting seabirds
  • Permit system that limits access to the fishery.
  • The California Department of Fish and Game and NOAA Fisheries also cooperatively monitor the fishery to evaluate its impact on the resource.

Annual Harvest

All U.S. harvest of market squid comes from California. 2010 landings totaled close to 130, 000 metric tons. Market squid accounted for 65 percent of total West Coast landings of coastal pelagic species in 2010.

Economy

In California, most squid marketed for humans to eat is frozen; minor amounts are canned or sold fresh. In 2010, the ex-vessel value of market squid was approximately $74 million, which accounted for 41 percent of the total ex-vessel value of all species landed in California. Demand for frozen squid in the United States is relatively small, so most of it is exported. In 2010, 119, 442 metric tons of market squid were exported, primarily to China. We also exported market squid to the Philippines, Japan, Vietnam, Peru, and Spain. In 2010, domestic sales of market squid went to restaurants, Asian fresh fish markets, or for use as bait.


University of California Libraries Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (North Atlantic) : American shad
Book (University of California Libraries)

You supposed to be a marine?

2011-03-01 16:44:21 by not-a-clown-fish

Bat·fish   /ˈbætˌfɪʃ/ Show Spelled
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–noun, plural ( especially collectively ) -fish, ( especially referring to two or more kinds or species ) -fish·es.
1. any of the flat-bodied, marine fishes of the family Ogcocephalidae, as Ogcocephalus vespertilio, common in the southern Atlantic coastal waters of the U.S.
2. a stingray, Aetobatis californicus, found off the coast of California.
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